Conditional conjunctions in English sentences. In this lesson, we will review the most common conditional conjunctions in spoken and written English.
How to Use Unless
Unless means except on the condition that. Unless needs a main clause to make a complete sentence.
- Victory won’t come to me unless I go to it.
- Unless I’m mistaken, she was back at work yesterday.
- I can’t reach the top shelf unless I use a stepladder.
- Don’t call me unless it is a real emergency.
How to Use Even If
Even if means whether or not. It is used to emphasize that something will still be true if another thing happens.
- You’ll have to lump it even if you don’t like it.
- Even if she didn’t want to send a present, she could at least have sent a card.
- I will always love you, even if you are not.
- We will go even if it rains.
How to Use Provided, As Long As/ So
They mean if or only if. They are used to emphasize the conditions that surround the action.
Note that provided is a bit formal.
- I will agree to go provided my expenses are paid.
- We’ll buy everything you produce, provided of course the price is right.
- We’ll go as long as the weather is good.
- I’ll stay in Mexico as long as my money holds on.
How to Use Only If
Only if expresses the idea that there is only one condition that will cause a particular result.
- Only if the red light comes on is there any danger to employees.
- Do it only if you can guarantee your own safety.
- I wake up only if the school bell rings.
- I’ll tell you, but only if you don’t tell anyone else.
Conditional Conjunctions | Infographic