Conjunctive adverbs are words that connect clauses or sentences and indicate the relationship between them. Conjunctive adverbs can be used to show cause and effect, contrast, or other relationships between clauses. They can be used to join independent clauses or clauses that could stand alone as separate sentences, as well as to join dependent clauses, which cannot stand alone as a sentence, to independent clauses.
What Are Conjunctive Adverbs?
Conjunctive adverbs are words that are used to connect clauses or sentences. They indicate a relationship between the clauses or sentences, such as cause and effect, contrast, or time. Some examples of conjunctive adverbs include “however,” “therefore,” “as a result,” “consequently,” “nevertheless,” “otherwise,” “still,” and “then.”
Conjunctive adverbs are often used in writing to link ideas and provide transitions between different parts of a text. They can be placed at the beginning of a clause or sentence, or they can be inserted in the middle. When placed at the beginning of a clause or sentence, they are usually followed by a comma. For example:
- However, I don’t think we should go out in the rain.
- Therefore, I suggest that we stay inside.
- As a result, the project was a complete success.
- Consequently, I am very proud of our team.
- Nevertheless, there are still some challenges that we need to overcome.
- Otherwise, we might not be able to meet our deadline.
- Still, there is a lot of work to be done.
- Then, we can move on to the next phase of the project.
Conjunctive adverbs can be used to indicate a variety of relationships between clauses or sentences, such as cause and effect, contrast, or time. They are an important part of written language and can help to make writing more coherent and easier to understand.
How to Use Conjunctive Adverbs
Conjunctive adverbs are used to join clauses and indicate the relationship between the clauses. They can be used to show cause and effect, contrast, comparison, or other relationships between ideas. Here are some tips for using conjunctive adverbs in your writing:
1. Place the conjunctive adverb at the beginning of the second clause.
- I was tired, so I went to bed early. (shows cause and effect)
2. Follow the conjunctive adverb with a comma.
- I wanted to go to the beach, but it was raining. (shows contrast)
3. Use conjunctive adverbs to add variety to your writing and to make your ideas more cohesive.
- I like to play sports, and I also like to read. (shows addition)
4. Choose the appropriate conjunctive adverb to indicate the relationship between the clauses.
- I was hungry, therefore I made a sandwich. (shows cause and effect)
- I like dogs, however, cats are my favorite. (shows contrast)
5. Use conjunctive adverbs sparingly. Overuse of conjunctive adverbs can make your writing feel repetitive or unnecessarily complex.
List of Conjunctive Adverbs
Below is the conjunctive adverb list in English you should learn.
- Just as
- In addition
- In contrast (Learn more about Connectors of Contrast)
Conjunctive Adverb Examples
- A tropical storm was forecast; hence we stayed in the resort.
- He enjoyed getting a new tie; nevertheless, a sports car would have been a better gift.
- I like you a lot; in fact, I think we should be best friends.
- Your dog got into my yard; in addition, he dug up my petunias.
- My car payments are high; on the other hand, I really enjoy driving such a nice vehicle.
- Above all, we must try to save the planet.
- You should leave the food in the fridge; otherwise, it will be stale tomorrow.
- Accordingly, I allow the appeal and set aside the order.
- Undoubtedly, public interest in folk music has declined.
- Eventually, Roberto backed down and apologized.
- Elsewhere, the weather today has been fairly sunny.
- Mother went shopping; meanwhile, I cleaned the house.
- Comparatively speaking, this machine is easy to use.
- Anyway, I’d better get back to work.
- He subsequently became chairman of the party.
Remember, conjunctive adverbs are an important part of writing and can help to clarify the relationships between ideas in your sentences. By using them appropriately, you can make your writing more effective and engaging.
Conjunctive Adverbs | Infographic
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